1B Critical Reading and Bias

Quick Write

Write for 3 minutes on this quote.


Burke’s “Unending Conversation” Metaphor

Kenneth Burke writes:

Imagine that you enter a parlor. You come late. When you arrive, others have long preceded you, and they are engaged in a heated discussion, a discussion too heated for them to pause and tell you exactly what it is about. In fact, the discussion had already begun long before any of them got there, so that no one present is qualified to retrace for you all the steps that had gone before. You listen for a while, until you decide that you have caught the tenor of the argument; then you put in your oar. Someone answers; you answer him; another comes to your defense; another aligns himself against you, to either the embarrassment or gratification of your opponent, depending upon the quality of your ally’s assistance. However, the discussion is interminable. The hour grows late, you must depart. And you do depart, with the discussion still vigorously in progress.

How does the parlor metaphor apply to critical thinking and this class?


If you miss class, what can you do to find out what you missed? 

Ignorance vs. Ignorant – What is the difference between the two?
Critical Thinking is about YOU, not others. 
Critical thinking is the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it.


So far we have talked about:

  • Critical Thinking
  • Ignorance
  • Integrity

We are going to add Bias to that list. 

What is Bias?

Obstacles to Critical Thinking?


Use the Chaffey Library Academic Databases to find reliable, credible, authoritative, peer reviewed, scholarly sources.


Evidence, Experimentation, examples, authoratative testimony, and statistics.

iSearch Paper Prompt

Please reference the iSearch paper prompt, for any questions you might have.

Journal 2 DUE

Do not forget to post your reading journal for week two. The post is up. 


  1. Evan Richardson 9 months ago

    I believe that this quote plays a big part with an egocentric standpoint. Taking in opinions to the extent of letting it change you’re way of life or effect your state of mind is giving you’re power away to a worthless view of yourself.

  2. Evan Richardson 9 months ago

    effect your state of mind negatively*

  3. Evan Richardson 9 months ago

    Thinking for yourself on an idea that is already built takes knowledge from others views to build on your own opinion. Not each viewpoint will agree on the matter of the subject, but taking the time to learn and make a philosophical response takes much more thought process than being ignorant and building off of things that are unknown to you. It is okay to build off of others thoughts and ideas, as long as you take the time to learn about it to speak on it.

  4. Christopher Koumoutsos 9 months ago

    You shouldn’t assume the worst on everything. For example you shouldn’t take someone the wrong way unless you have evidence on what their intentions were. If they were meaning bad intentions towards you should just ignore them and not give them any attention. Just be the bigger person and take the high road to not give them any attention.

  5. Christopher Koumoutsos 9 months ago

    I believe that this quote portraits to how people in critical thinking arguments especially in class will never stop. It will never stop because each side believes they are right even with evidence proving that one side of the argument is wrong they still think they aren’t wrong. The argument will never end unless one side gives in to the point of them being wrong and believing it. Needless to say you can build on your side of the already build argument but it will ever be enough to persuade the other side to change their approach of the argument unless they give in and except it.

  6. Terrin Strickland 9 months ago

    I believe that is a very wrong statement for many reasons. One reason is, the movie “Get Out,” the white family wasn’t trying to be racist but everyone they said made him feel uncomfortable. He felt like he was being put on an island and distant from the family. We live in America and if you feel offended then that is not ok. So someone might say something racist to me and if I take offense to that then I’m a fool? I understand that racist people are sometimes ignorant and understand the struggle of what the other race has to go through.

  7. Christie Gutierrez 9 months ago

    Burke’s “Unending Conversation” Metaphor
    Once you are able to find the rhythm you are able to help guide the flow of the current debate until it’s your time to depart. Also while helping stimulate thought in others. Not knowing what you’re talking about is that worst type or wrong, and how the spread of misinformation is brought into the world. We are students need to help combat this type of discussions and use critical thinking in our daily lives to help guide a more positive future for topics that hold heavy bias and negative perceptions.

  8. Johana Ponce 9 months ago

    What Young means in this quote, is you shouldn’t let your alter ego get the best of you. You shouldn’t care about what anybody has to say about you. Try to understand other people’s intentions when what is being said isn’t actually intended.

  9. Asia Roberson 9 months ago

    If someone becomes offended by something that wasn’t intended to offend, instead of being offended they should try to understand what was actually intended / the true intentions of what was being said. On the other hand if someone takes offense to something that was intended to offend they are a fool because they should be able to realize that person is a fool for intentionally trying to offend them.

  10. Brittany F. 9 months ago

    It is foolish and stupid to allow yourself to become bothered and upset over something that wasn’t meant to be offensive. People who easily take offensive over nothing are deliberately causing an argument and problems for themselves, typically they are egocentric, overly sensitive, dramatic and unreasonable. People who take offense when offense is intended is also foolish because they are also allowing themselves to become emotional over someone else’s ignorance. If you have high self esteem and confidence in yourself, you will be unbothered by stupidity.

  11. Angel H. 9 months ago

    I believe Brigham Young meant in the first half of his quote that we should focus on intention. If a person has no genuine intention to harm someone, we should value that rather than an imagined offense. In the second half of his quote, I believe he is saying we should not give power to someone over our emotions.

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